Many gardeners, probably, got acquainted with my experience of growing strawberries in a swampy area, which I talked about. I learned how to neutralize the danger posed by the water coming to the surface on the bayonet of a shovel, and my strawberries gave good yields.
But last year I had to change my place of residence, and had to adapt to other soil conditions – sand and sand dust. And there was no humus, no compost, no ash in my garden to fill the land according to agricultural technology – 1-2 buckets per hole for each strawberry bush.
I had to dig up young rosettes with a large clod of earth in the old garden. I planted them on 45-centimeter beds in 1-2 rows, with meter paths between them. She cut off all the peduncles, and since the summer was dry, she watered for 3-4 hours daily with a hose. I will wrap the end of it in burlap and throw it on the ridge. The sides along the edges of the ridge prevented the water from flowing anywhere. Three times a season – at the time of the extension of peduncles, mass flowering and cutting of leaves after harvesting, watered from morning to evening. At the same time, she fed the strawberries with Mittlider’s mixture No. 3. The rest of the time I fed them with mixture No. 2 every 10-14 days. Only during the fruiting period, these dressings were replaced with an infusion of nettle herbs, stepchildren of tomatoes, tops of potato tops, etc.
Doubts, of course, were: not only was the soil just sand, but the drought was the second summer in a row, and what was November last year, but spring! I would disgrace myself, I thought, with my giants … Fortunately, this did not happen. The first fruiting in my new garden turned out to be very plentiful, and Elvira, and Troubadour, and Favorite were delighted, Marshall was fruitful. But I was especially struck by Mashenka, whom I did not really appreciate among all my varieties. She responded so much to watering and regular feeding that I did not know where to go with the berries. Well, I never tire of admiring Bogota and Gigantella for 12 years. They have the first fruiting, and the flower stalks are 6-7 and even 13. And the berries are so large that they do not fit into the neck of a liter jar.
To get such berries, Bogota and Gigantella must be planted according to the scheme 60×60 cm, or better, 75×75, because the diameter of a 2-year-old bush is about 60 cm, and they grow on one bush without transplanting for up to 8 years. For example, I got the greatest yield of these varieties from 6-year-old bushes, each of which had 40-60 large berries. If someone catches fire to grow them, I advise you to dig holes 30x30x30 cm for planting, fill them with compost (2 buckets per hole) or humus that has rotted for at least 3 years, add 30 g of full complex fertilizer or mittlider mixtures No. 3 or No. 2 , 2 liters of dark crimson potassium permanganate, 2 liters of mullein infusion (1:10) or bird droppings (1:20). Mix everything thoroughly and plant a bush so that the rosette is at the level of the soil, in no case deepening. Be sure to mulch with a 5-6 cm layer of sawdust, needles, peat or humus. In general, you need to mulch three times – after the main dressings.
This year I have developed the following technology: first, I sprinkle 4 glasses of ash around the bush and water it. A few days later I add up to 4 liters of fertilizer, dissolving 30 g in 10 liters of water, after a few days – up to 4 liters per bush of fermented mullein (1:10) or bird droppings (1:20), diluted with water, after that I mulch … All large-fruited varieties also require a 4th feeding – in August, before the second fruiting.
For propagation of strawberries, I take a mustache from 1 and 2 sockets from one-two-year-old bushes, peduncles, a third outlet and an unproductive lateral pinch.
I am often asked: what to do with one-year-old bushes, the rosettes of which do not give peduncles? In my opinion, there may be several reasons: either the weather conditions are to blame – stressful for this culture; or there was not enough phosphorus in the soil. Or maybe there was little watering in the dry summer.
But to everyone involved in strawberry culture, I would say this: we cannot change the weather conditions in our zone of risky farming. But we are able to fill the right soil for our strawberries, give them the necessary nutrition, and water them in a timely manner. And then a rich harvest of this wonderful berry will not be long in coming.