Begonia – growing from seeds at home

begonia growing from seeds at home Blog

Begonia is a favorite of many flower lovers. The variety of varieties of this plant allows you to choose deciduous or flower species for breeding. Begonia is quite unpretentious and with minimal care, bright flowers will elegantly decorate a balcony or living room.

How to propagate begonia at home?

The plant is propagated in different ways: tubers, seeds, cuttings.

Reproduction of begonias by seedsever flowering begonia seeds

Advantages of breeding begonias from seeds:

  • profitable material savings, since such seed is inexpensive;
  • fresh seeds are usually of very good quality and germinate well. And storing the seed is not difficult at all.

Growing seedlings

To get a beautiful elegant plant, you must follow some rules for growing seedlings from seeds and caring for them.

How to prepare the soil

Properly selected soil is an important condition for the friendly germination of seeds and good seedling growth. Begonia prefers nutrient soils that are slightly acidic or neutral. Special soil for seeds can be purchased at a flower shop. It is also quite easy to prepare the soil mixture on your own: mix peat chips, soddy soil and sand in equal parts. To prevent the possibility of infection of seedlings with some fungi, the soil is disinfected. You can do this in different ways:

  1. The earth is frozen for some time.
  2. The soil is watered with boiling water.
  3. The soil is treated with a weak solution of potassium permanganate.

A centimeter drainage layer (expanded clay, small broken brick, pebbles) is poured into the seedling container. The earth is poured on top.

Sowing seeds

It is recommended to start working with seeds in late January-early February. In order for the balcony / flower bed to be constantly decorated with flowering begonias, it is advisable to sow the seeds several times (in stages).

When choosing seeds, it is recommended to pay attention to granular seed. The granules are quite large (larger than a regular seed) and are easier to work with. On the eve of sowing, the soil is slightly moistened. It is better to do this with a sprayer, then the soil surface will remain flat, without grooves.

Landing steps:
  • Seeds are laid out on the surface of the soil in rows. It is not necessary to additionally sprinkle the granules with earth, since the begonia sprouts are already quite thin and weak. The container is closed with glass or polyethylene film.
  • If there are peat tablets, then you can germinate seeds on them. Pre-tablets are moistened so that they gain moisture and swell. Seeds are laid out on a peat surface and boxes with a peat base are also covered.
  • Seeds germinate in 2-3 weeks. Optimal conditions for obtaining friendly shoots: air temperature + 25˚ C, good lighting. Special watering during this period is not required – it is enough to moisten the surface of the soil with warm water from the sprayer. Do not immediately remove the cover material as soon as the first shoots appear. To prevent excessive air humidity, it is recommended to open the container for a short time to ventilate. In this case, it is necessary to exclude direct sunlight on the sprouts. It is also impossible to install boxes with seedlings in drafts. In order not to damage the tender seedlings, you can pour water into the pan to moisten the soil.

As soon as the sprouts get stronger, the covering material is removed. In order for the seedlings to grow well, it is necessary to light the containers for about 12-14 hours a day. Since it is difficult to provide full-fledged natural lighting in winter conditions, fitolamps are installed near the boxes.

seedling care

As soon as the sprouts have two true leaves, it will be possible to start planting the seedlings. At the same time, it is important to take into account that begonia seedlings do not really like large containers, so you need to dive the plant several times.

Seedlings are planted in special small containers or plastic cups. It is necessary to first make several holes at the bottom of the containers, then a small layer (about 1 cm) of drainage is placed in each cup and the soil is poured out. The earth is not poured to the edges of the containers (leave about 1 cm to the edge). In the center of the cups, recesses are made in the ground and begonia sprouts are planted.

At the end of May, the strengthened seedlings are transplanted into pots, where the begonia will grow constantly. Watering is done when the earth is slightly dry. The plant does not like drought, but the root system can also rot from strong moisture. Water is used settled, at room temperature.

Top dressing of seedlings

begonia seedlings

Approximately two weeks after picking, the first fertilizers can be applied. It is recommended to use ready-made mineral mixtures. A suitable option is ammonium nitrate. This nitrogen fertilizer stimulates the growth of green mass. In the future, it is not recommended to use it, otherwise the begonia may “get fat” and will bloom weakly. The solution for the plant is prepared at a low concentration (about 4 times less than the manufacturer recommends).

Fertilizer can be reapplied after two to three weeks. The Kemira Lux mixture is best suited for the plant. This balanced top dressing has all the necessary elements for good seedling growth and future flowering of begonias. The nutrient solution is made according to the manufacturer’s instructions.

tuber method

begonia kelblutroth

This method is used to breed many varieties of begonias. The most popular garden species are the Golden Ball, Kelblutrot, Primadonna, Marmorata, Crispa marginata.

In March, the tubers are planted for germination. As soon as the height of the sprouts is about 1 cm, they begin to divide the tubers. Most often, the tuber is cut into 2-3 parts. The incision sites are treated with brilliant green or sprinkled with sulfur, crushed charcoal. It must be taken into account that after this operation, the development of the plant slows down for a short period. Each part of the tuber is planted in a separate container. When the begonia stems grow by 5-6 cm and leaves appear on them, the seedlings can be planted on the site.

At the same time, it is taken into account that plants are transferred to open ground as soon as the threat of spring frosts has passed. When planting tubers, one must adhere to the rule: the concave part with the eyes should be on top. To prevent water from accumulating in the recess, the tuber is placed with a slight slope. The hole is made shallow – about 2-3 cm.

Reproduction by cuttings

With this method of breeding flowers, tubers begin to germinate in January. About a month later, an operation is performed to separate the cuttings – they are broken off, slightly pressing down at the base. 2-3 buds should remain on the tuber. Be sure to disinfect damaged areas – powder with charcoal. Cuttings are planted in a nutrient soil mixture. Within a month, they take root well.

Basic rules of care

Begonia does not require special attention. In order for the plants to develop well and delight with elegant and lush flowering, it is enough to comply with the following requirements:

  • on hot summer days and during flowering, the bushes need abundant watering. But at the same time, stagnation of water should not be allowed, since the roots of begonias are shallow and can rot;
  • the plant is light-loving, but it is advisable to choose places where direct sunlight will not fall on the begonia;
  • it is recommended to avoid getting water on the leaves, otherwise it can lead to yellowing of the green mass, sunburn, rot or powdery mildew;
  • Fertilize regularly (every two weeks). It is desirable to use combined nutrient mixtures for this;
  • several times a week, you can spray the space near the plants. This will promote the growth of begonias and more lush flowering;
  • as soon as the bushes fade, watering is reduced. For the winter period, the tubers are dug up (after cutting the stems). For storage, they are placed in boxes and sprinkled with sawdust.

If you follow the simple rules for growing seedlings and follow the recommendations for caring for the plant, then begonia will thank you with lush and elegant flowering.

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