Clematis from seeds at home

clematis from seeds at home Blog

The ranunculus family is rich in various beautiful flowers, among their diversity the genus Clematis occupies one of the places of honor. The fact that Clematis has taken a special place in the hearts of gardeners is evidenced by the fact that today there are about three hundred varieties of hybrids, although in their natural nature there are only fourteen species.

Types of Clematis

Clematis grow in the subtropics and temperate zones. Often, clematis look like bright lianas of various shades; vertical flower beds can be beneficial to decorate any building, garden, or personal plot. Another name for clematis is clematis, so in the descriptive literature these flowers can be found under this name. Clematis is a perennial, it can live up to twenty years. Flowering vines can please the eye from June to September. Clematis by appearance are divided into four types: herbaceous, semi-shrub, shrub, vines.

Herbaceous – differ in the death of shoots.

Semi-shrub – This is a mixed species between herbaceous and shrubby species. The lower part is similar to a shrubby species, and the upper one is like that of herbaceous ones, with a dying top by autumn. Shrub species are distinguished by woody shoots that can endure the winter period. Creepers – differ in the presence of clinging leaf petioles.

Tangut clematis (clematis tangutica)

The Tungut bell is a bright representative of clematis. To grow this variety from seeds will have to work hard, but the result is worth it. Low temperatures are not destructive for the variety, it is distinguished by long-term flowering and the possibility of transplanting into room conditions. As soon as the plant reaches maturity, the bells begin to intertwine with a flowering vine, flowering continues until autumn.

Manchurian clematis (clematis mandschurica)

Manchurian clematis is a small-flowered variety that gets along well in temperate latitudes. The variety has a discreet color, the advantage of white, is resistant to low temperatures.

Variety Arabella

Variety Arabella

Refers to late-flowering clematis hybrids. Flowering begins from May to September. Long flowering is a distinctive feature of the hybrid. Clematis flowers reach a diameter of up to ten centimeters, shades vary from blue to purple, while maintaining a grayish tint, which later turns into blue.

Variety Etoile Violet

The hybrid is characterized by abundant flowering, it occurs in June, July, August, September. The flower perfectly covers the soil with gorgeous purple flowers.

Variety Bru Light

It is characterized by early flowering and the presence of large flowers, and the ability to cling to various supports. Thanks to this, with the help of a hybrid, you can easily decorate various gazebos, trellises, fences, etc. flower blooms twice a season.

Variety Change of Hart

Clematis

It has red flowers and glossy leaves. The color palette changes from pink to blue, the flowering of the hybrid can be observed twice per season.

Variety Blue Explosion

The flowers of this variety reach up to twelve centimeters in diameter and have a blue color, the culture is very fond of sunlight.

Variety Omoshiro

The Japanese variety is distinguished by large flowers, reaching up to sixteen centimeters in diameter, color from white to pink. The hybrid blooms twice a season.

Variety Westerplatte

The variety has proven itself for decorating arbors, supports, fences. Flower color: bright red, texture – silky.

Variety Long Fire

Differs in fiery color, chic flowering. Flowering occurs in May and September. The size of the flowers reaches up to sixteen centimeters in diameter. The hybrid can be grown in containers.

Variety Helios

Clematis

He likes well-lit areas, the color of the flowers is yellow, the plant is tall and unpretentious.

Variety Comtesse de Bouchot

It reaches a height of up to four meters, has a pink color, a hybrid blooms twice a season.

Variety Duches Eidinburgh

Differs in terry texture and spherical form of flowers. For an attractive growth of the hybrid, it is recommended to plant it near the support.

Variety Cloudburst

It is characterized by the presence of flowers in diameter reaching up to twelve centimeters, the shape of the flowers is diamond-shaped, flowering occurs in June and September.

Variety Dr. Rupel

It is distinguished by the ability to change color, depending on the time of day. Flowers reach up to twelve centimeters in diameter. The flower reaches a height of up to three meters.

Clematis from seeds

Clematis

Often, clematis is grown from seedlings, this is due to the lower labor intensity of the process, another way is reproduction by layering. To propagate a flower by seeds, you need to choose small-flowered species. Hybrid representatives in the seed way take root difficult. Growing from seeds is doomed to success in the case of Tungut, Manchurian, Helios varieties.

soil for clematis

Before planting clematis, you should pay attention to the soil into which the seeds will be sown. The ideal composition of the soil: humus + sand + ordinary earth + ash, in general, the soil should be quite nutritious.

Clematis seeds: sizes, sowing time, stratification

Since there are so many types of clematis varieties, they differ not only in color and shape, but also in seed material.

So, the sizes of the seeds:

1. Small seeds – maximum size 3 * 5 mm, germination from two weeks to four months.

2. Medium seeds – maximum size up to 5 * 6 mm, germination from six weeks to six months.

3. Large seeds – the maximum size is up to 1 * 1.2 mm, germination is up to twelve months. For large and medium seeds, it is important to stratify before planting.

Stratification will help to avoid long germination of seeds, in addition, this approach contributes to uniform seedlings. As a rule, seeds are stratified in early spring, the process lasts for large seeds – three months, for medium ones – one month.

So, the stratification process :

  1. Prepare containers with nutrient soil: peat + sand + earth, at a ratio of 1:1:1.
  2. Sow large seeds to a depth of two centimeters, medium to a depth of one centimeter.
  3. Transfer the containers to a room with a temperature of zero to five degrees. As soon as the seed preparation period has passed, they can be safely transplanted.

Video: growing clematis from seeds

https://youtube.com/watch?v=F9f0M9jLHM8%3Ffeature%3Doembed

If you can not wait, and do not want to engage in stratification, seed germination can be improved by soaking. You need to soak for five days, while changing the water every four hours. The soaked seeds should then be bubbling.

Bubbling is a kind of air treatment of seeds. For this, an aquarium compressor is well suited, which easily creates bubbles. So, we put the seeds in small fabric bags and send them to a glass container with water and a running compressor, so the seeds are processed for a week. After such manipulations, sow the seeds in containers, and place them in a temperature regime of twenty-five degrees Celsius, the containers should be well lit and watered.

Seedling care, picking

Some time after sowing, the first leaves of the flower appear, as soon as this happens, it’s time to start picking. Picking should be done immediately in separate pots. It is not possible to carry out a pick at the same time, since clematis germinates unevenly, therefore, each individual sprout must be carefully transferred to a new container so as not to damage the neighboring ones.

Seedling care comes down to watering, a little loosening. As soon as you are sure that the night frosts have passed, you can plant clematis in a garden bed.

Clematis planting methods

Clematis
  1. The Kivistik method implies the following actions: the containers in which the seeds are sown are sprinkled with sand, then they are covered with polyethylene and sent to a room with an air temperature of +20. Seedlings grown in this way are planted at the end of August.
  2. Sharonova’s method. In September, seeds are sown in plastic containers, covered with polyethylene and placed in a dark place. As soon as sprouts appear, they are seated in separate containers. In July of the following year, the sprouts are planted in open ground at intervals of one centimeter.
  3. Shevelev method. Before planting, cold stratification of seeds is carried out, for this, the seed material in a jar is placed in a refrigerator for three months, after such cold treatment, the efficiency of seedlings increases significantly.

Diseases and pests

“Blackleg” is a fungal disease that can infect clematis seedlings. The fungus originates primarily in the soil, in order to avoid infection, the soil is disinfected before planting. If black spots appear on the leaves, they should be removed immediately and the soil replaced.

Conditions for growing outdoors

Clematis

Clematis does not like the wind. Tender sprouts can be easily scorched by the sun, so partial shade is the most ideal condition for him. Garden soil for clematis should be nutritious and well drained. When planting seedlings, observe an interval of twenty centimeters, deepen the roots by five centimeters, mulch the flower bed.

In order for the flower to grow quickly, it is important to periodically adjust new shoots. Young flowers, however, like mature ones, need regular watering, loosening the soil, removing weeds and fertilizing.

In autumn, before the onset of real cold weather, young clematis insulate. This can be done with a mixture of peat, sand, straw or dry leaves on top of them. Flowering seedlings can be expected in two years.

Clematis fruits

Clematis bear fruit in summer or autumn, depending on the variety. Seed material appears on the shrubs, and of different sizes, if you use the fruits in the future, sort them for convenience.

Advantages and disadvantages of growing from seed

Advantages of the seed method

  • availability of seed material;
  • good fruiting;
  • the possibility of using when grafting other varieties.

Disadvantages of the seed method

  • the complexity of the process;
  • loss of original qualities.

It is best to use the seed method when breeding small-flowered varieties.

Reproduction by cuttings

To propagate Clematis using cuttings, you need a plant that has reached at least three years old, outwardly the cuttings must be woody. A suitable time for this reproduction is the end of spring and the beginning of summer. First you need to cut the shoots, cuttings are cut from them. Shoots must be without buds; at least one node must be present on them. Prepared cuttings are planted in containers with sandy and peat soil and placed in greenhouse conditions.

Reproduction by layering

Reproduction by layering requires a significant investment in time. The process itself comes down to several ways:

  1. The clematis bush is fertilized and spudded with humus until the third leaf is reached, later layering is obtained from them, after two years the roots will become very powerful and rooted. The resulting shoots must be separated from the main plant and planted in a permanent place, while the upper part of the shoots should be cut off.
  2. The next propagation method using horizontal layering is carried out in early September, it comes down to laying the harvested shoots in a dug out flower bed and then sprinkling them with soil. The upper part of the shoots must be left on the surface.
Clematis

Clematis grown from seeds, although at first glance it requires some trouble, more than pays off with the beauty of unpretentious flower beds and real pride in the work of an inquisitive gardener.

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