Cortaderia is a perennial herbaceous plant of the Cereal family, which is used in landscape design of a garden plot. Cortaderia is popularly known as pampas grass. Since the ornamental cereal is unpretentious, it will not be difficult to grow it. You just need to get acquainted with the characteristics of the plant, methods of reproduction and rules of care.
The word Cortaderia has Spanish roots, translated as cut. Indeed, in pampas grass, the edges of the plates are very sharp, it is easy to get hurt. In the wild, the plant can be found in the pampas of South America or on the Pacific Islands.
Cortaderia is a tall plant, with the right conditions it grows up to 3 meters. Differs in elongated, linear leaflets. They are pointed, reminiscent of an arc. A lush shock grows directly from the root. The leaves are dull green, hard.
The bush grows quickly. During flowering, it forms silvery panicles, the length of which is from 30 to 5 cm. The flowers are small. Male inflorescences are bare, but on female specimens there is a long silky pinkish or white-silver edge. Cortaderia blooms late in August. Flowers are not afraid of frost. Panicles look especially impressive against the background of snow.
Description of varieties and varieties
Gardeners most often plant silver and pink Cortaderia on the plot.
- Andes Silver. A plant about 2 meters high with white-silvery inflorescences. The flowers are cold-resistant, but in the harsh conditions of the north they require shelter.
- Monstrosa. A variety up to 2 meters high with large white inflorescences with gray-green leaves.
- Patagonia. The flower is cold hardy. The leaves are grey-green. White-silvery inflorescences bloom on stems about two meters high.
- Pumila. The height of Cortaderia of this variety is up to 120 cm. This flower can be grown in any conditions, since it is not afraid of frost. Snow-white inflorescences look cool against the background of gray-green leaves.
- Pink Feather. Pinkish inflorescences bloom on stems up to 2 meters tall. The leaves are grey-green.
- Rosea. Tall, up to 2 m in height, the plants stand out with white-silver inflorescences with a pink tint.
- Sunningdale Silver – Cortaderia with snow-white inflorescences.
It is not difficult to get new plants, as the flower grows quickly. Breeding takes place in the spring, when the threat of frost has passed.
Leaves are cut from the bush and dug up. Then the root system is divided into parts and planted in a permanent place. Pits are dug no more than 40 cm deep at a distance of one and a half meters.
The bottom is filled with drainage, then nutrient soil is poured. Having trampled the ground, the bushes are well watered.
Before sowing, Cortaderia seeds must be stratified . They are laid out in a box with vegetables for a month. Seeds are sown in March-April in a flat container in sandy-peat soil.
Since the seed is small, it is distributed on the surface of moist soil and lightly sprinkled with earth. Some gardeners use peat tablets for sowing.
Glass-covered containers are placed on a lighted window. The first shoots appear in about two weeks. Water the seedlings sparingly, as Cortaderia does not tolerate waterlogging.
When the seedlings grow a little, the plants dive . Later grown in a well-lit window. Before planting, hardening is carried out in the open air. Pampas grass seedlings are planted in a permanent place after a positive temperature is established.
Cortaderia is an unpretentious ornamental plant, which is not difficult to grow, the main thing is to follow some recommendations.
For pampas grass choose open sunny areas. Although penumbra does not deprive the planting of decorativeness. It can also be planted on rocky slopes, but in this case you can only admire the foliage, since there is practically no flowering.
Soil and fertilizer
Cortaderia prefers fertile, well-drained soil. In order for plants to please with abundant and lush panicles from year to year, pampas grass is fed in early spring with complex mineral fertilizers, such as:
Pampas grass is desirable to water regularly, although the plant is able to withstand short-term drought or heavy rainfall. Under adult bushes, 1-2 buckets are poured in the heat in 3-4 days.
To form a bush, pampas grass must be cut. First of all, dry and damaged leaves are removed. Plants require thinning to prevent plant diseases. When pruning, you need to be careful and work only with gloves so as not to injure your hands on sharp leaves.
Diseases and pests
Cortaderia is an amazing plant, because it practically does not get sick and is not affected by pests. When the first signs of powdery mildew, anthracnose appear, the affected leaves should be removed and burned, the bushes should be treated with a fungicide.
Of the pests on pampas grass, spider mites and aphids can settle . For prevention, the bushes are treated with insecticides.
If the plants are grown in the south, in the fall they simply cut the above-ground honor to a height of 30-40 cm and fall asleep with fallen leaves or spruce branches. In more severe conditions, it is advisable to throw non-woven material on top and sprinkle with dry peat or soil.
Growing pampas grass is easy. These plants are a great option for creating amazing compositions and are widely used by landscape designers.
Cortaderia can be planted next to water bodies, on alpine slides or along a fence. The main condition is to observe the distance between the bushes.