Long gone are the days when people used improvised means to dry vegetables. Someone to this day “twists”, hanging mushrooms and apples on strings.
Need a vegetable dryer but can’t make the final choice? Not surprising! In any home appliance and electronics store, there are at least a dozen models of such devices. And everything is different: price categories, functionality, power, download volume. Let’s try to decide which model is better to choose and what to look for when buying.
Technical characteristics of dryers
Dryer for vegetables and fruits – the device is quite simple to use. When choosing, first of all, you should pay attention to the technical characteristics and dimensions. If you intend to use it in your country house or in the kitchen in your apartment, then there is no reason to buy a large dryer. There are widely presented devices on the market with a size of 30-40 centimeters or a round shape.
Working power is a very important factor. It directly affects how long your vegetables will dry and how much electricity will be used. The minimum power of the dryer must be 350 W. If it is less, you are unlikely to be happy with your purchase.
The number of trays is another important characteristic. The more there are, the more vegetables and fruits you can process at a time. However, you need to take into account the volumes that you intend to send to drying. Typically, five trays are sufficient for household use. There are models for two or three trays, but this is not enough, and therefore they are not in demand. Models for eight trays are suitable for summer residents and owners of large personal plots.
The location of the heating element is also of great importance. If it is located below, then there is a risk that water gets on it, which evaporates from the plants, which can lead to a short circuit or failure of the device itself. Therefore, it is worth choosing dryers for vegetables and fruits with an overhead heating element. They cost 15-30 percent more, but they also last much longer. But there is also a downside! In dryers, where the heating element is located at the bottom, the products are dried evenly, while the upper heating element does not give such an effect, and you will have to constantly change trays, which is not very convenient.
Material, from which the dryer is made, should also be considered when choosing. There are a lot of cheap models on the market under European brands. In fact, equipment is made at Chinese factories and not always from high-quality materials. If the case itself is plastic, it’s okay, but plastic trays can play a cruel joke with your blanks. Low-quality plastic begins to emit vapors during heating, and the vegetables absorb the acrid plastic smoke. For this reason, it is worth choosing dryers with metal trays and pallets. They are less prone to deformation, do not break, but weigh more. If a plastic dryer weighs 3-5 kg, then finding a metal one with 5 pallets and weighing less than 5 kg will be problematic. On the other hand, does weight matter? You will not carry it with you, how is your purse? It is the functionality of the device that is important here, and not its weight and appearance. You shouldn’t pay for a picture! True, there are drawbacks to metal dryers for vegetables. If you use them for a very long time, for example several hours, overheating may occur. As a result, fruits and vegetables will dry out unevenly. However, this is not a problem if you carefully follow the rules from the operating instructions.
Many dryers have an additional function – overheating protection . If you do not intend to use the device constantly and process large volumes of vegetables and fruits, then this function may seem optional. However, practice shows that in the autumn and summer period it is the protection against overheating that saves the dryers from breakdowns and failure! So don’t be too cheap – take devices with protection!
Convection or infrared?
On the market in a large assortment there are two types of dryers at once – convection and infrared. Contrary to fashion trends, you should not buy into advertising and choose imported dryers for vegetables and fruits. They are certainly good, but ours, domestic ones, can give odds to any of them due to much greater functionality and simplicity. It’s like juicers: domestic ones are more expensive, but in an hour you can squeeze out 10 liters of juice, while on imported ones during this time you will get three liters at most.
So, convection vegetable dryers dry vegetables and fruits with hot air. Teng produces heat, heats up the interior and the water begins to evaporate. Some models of dryers are equipped with fans to enhance drying and shorten processing times. Depending on the type of product, the temperature at which the drying will be carried out is selected. If the power of the device is 600 W, then on 5 trays you can process about 5 kg of vegetables. But the noise in the process of work will not be avoided.
The second type of dryers is infrared. In this case, the air is heated not by heating element, but by infrared rays. Thanks to them, excess moisture leaves the pieces of food. Vegetables and fruits are dried in it faster, retain their color and smell. And there are more vitamins in them.
It is difficult to say which type of dryer is better. Here everyone decides for himself: what is more convenient, practical, more accessible, etc. It should be noted that in infrared dryers the load volume is usually small in comparison with convection ones, but the processing speed and effect are better.
Dryer models for vegetables
Surely you, dear readers, will be interested in models of dryers for vegetables and fruits. As we said above, you shouldn’t believe the advertisements. You can safely choose the models of domestic manufacturers “Veterok”, “Sukhovey”, “Rotor”, “Diva” and many others. They are inexpensive – from 1,000 to 3,000 rubles. Of the rectangular models, you can pay attention to dryers “Ryzhik” and “Belochka”. But here it is worth remembering that in non-rounded dryers, drying is uneven.
In principle, you can safely rely on your preferences and financial capabilities, without forgetting to study beforehand.
Dryer “Isidri” automatically lowers the temperature and increases the airflow, taking into account the current moisture content of the products. Slightly more “advanced” option. Production Ukraine.
It is recommended to consider infrared dryers, for example, “Dachnik” or “Corvette”, as a “middle” option. They have a higher efficiency and heat the product inside better, however, there are also complaints about the uniformity of heating. In general, this method of heating allows you to more efficiently remove moisture at low temperatures, but this does not exclude the need for blowing!
Among the most popular dryers for fruits and vegetables in the world, the Excalibur dehydrators should be noted. This is a favorite device among the biggest lovers of healthy food – raw foodists and vegetarians. Horizontal flow, total area of trays up to 15 m? (from 5 to 9 trays measuring 39×39 cm). Automatic temperature control based on the principle of damped oscillations provides the best balance, which was discussed at the beginning of the article. There are a lot of positive reviews, except for one – the price of the issue is from $ 200 and more. You can buy it, for example, here. True, it remains a mystery why their prices are lower than in America on the manufacturer’s website. Perhaps at the expense of wholesale. discounts. When choosing a model, you should pay attention to the presence of a 26-hour timer, a power input for the European standard and the presence of additional baking trays for baking bread and other delights.
Sedona dehydrators – new in 2011 are essentially a small development of Excalibur with two separate heaters and fans. There is only a large version with 9 pallets. Contains a little more “chips” for comfort, quieter, have one closed tray.