Fertilizer mullein application of organic fertilizers

fertilizer mullein application of organic fertilizers Blog

Cow dung is a fertilizer that has been used in horticulture, horticulture and industrial agriculture since time immemorial. It is known as cow dung. This fertilizer is more popular than all other organic fertilizers. Manure is used not only in agriculture, but also in some other industries. Bedding manure In this case manure is mixed with straw or peat. The latter produce an ammonia-rich, nitrogen-rich compost that is readily available to plants. Hay and straw enrich it with phosphorus and potassium, which help plants survive in stressful conditions, increasing their growth rate.

Cow dung can be used as a base for compost. Liquid manure without bedding Horse manure is a liquid mixture of medium density. Does not contain peat, hay and straw.

It contains much more ammoniacal nitrogen than bedding. However, it practically does not contain potassium and phosphorus. It is turned into a liquid and used to water the garden. The sewage slurry is a liquid fertilizer. Used by diluting with water. To prepare it, it is placed in a fermentation tank for two weeks, and then water is added in a ratio of 1: 2. Superphosphate is also added at the rate of 50 g per 10 liters.

It contains large amounts of nitrogen and potassium. This fertilizer is a liquid form of cowpea.

It can be used when growing garden plants.

Like all varieties of cowpeas, it has a low phosphorus content, so when using slurry, it is better to add superphosphate.

Mullein species

Types of cow manure according to the degree of decomposition. In this case, the fertilizer is divided into the following types:

  • fresh and slightly decomposed – natural straw color, strength preserved;
  • partially decomposed – the straw becomes dark brown and has poor tensile strength;
  • excessively decomposed – in the unfolded state, the straw turns black and crumbles when rubbed;
  • humus is a homogeneous mass resembling black soil.

The use of mulch helps

  • increasing the fertility of heavy soils;
  • Formation in the soil of small aggregates of agronomic value, which are considered the most optimal for growing plants, as they help to resist water erosion;
  • converts insoluble soil compounds into easily accessible forms for plants;
  • promotes the reproduction of beneficial microflora in the soil,
  • creates additional organic substances that are part of the humus.

The use of organic matter, in particular peas, improves soil structure, including light soils that become more cohesive. On heavy soils, aeration of the roots and air access to the roots improves. In the latter, manure can decompose in 7 years, and in sandy and sandy loamy soils this process is completed in 3-4 years. How to prepare fertilizer from cow dung? To prepare the drug, a large volume container is used.

5 buckets of water are added to it for each bucket of digested cow dung, then thoroughly mixed, infused for 2 weeks, stirring the contents daily. Before fertilizing, the solution is again diluted 1: 8. The drier the soil, the more water must be added to the fertilizer. It is better not to store the prepared solution for a long time.

It is recommended to do as many as needed for one application. The unpleasant odor that occurs when mixing pea fertilizers can be eliminated by adding silica powder. Fertilizer should be applied to the soil at the rate of 10 liters per m2. Composition In India, manure is used not only as a fertilizer, but also as a raw material in the pharmaceutical industry. It is used as a basis for the production of tablets. The composition of the fertilizer (cow dung) is as follows: a large amount of nitrogen, potassium, a significant amount of phosphorus.

micronutrients dependent on the feed the cows have eaten. Each ton contains on average 4-5 kg ​​of nitrogen, 2 kg of phosphorus and about 5-6 kg of potassium.

Recommendations for use After a year of storage, the decomposed seed peas are obtained. Fertilizer is used for earthworks both in autumn and in spring. It can be added during mulching. The need to use buttermilk as a fertilizer is determined by the appearance of the plants.

Signs of plants for which a cowshed is needed

It should be used in the following cases:

  • leaves are pale, underdeveloped;
  • Stems are thin.

Responsive plants to the application of cowshed fertilizer

The following plants respond best to fertilization:

  • cabbage;
  • pumpkins;
  • Salads;
  • pepper;
  • tomatoes;
  • beet;
  • cucumbers.

Poorly react to the use of cowpea:

  • radish;
  • radish;
  • peas;
  • carrot.

In the latter case, it produces many additional branches. Peas and other legumes grow well with Whiga, but inflorescences are poorly formed, as well as fruiting. H

Do not use kohlrabi under cabbage. This is because the body becomes hard and empty. It is forbidden to use fresh manure when growing bulbous vegetables. In the case of fertilizing watermelons and other pumpkins with cattle manure, it should be applied during the seedling growth period, before planting them in the soil 2 days earlier. This rule must be observed. The introduction of liquid water into holes or furrows without watering from above, which can lead to a burn of plants and their death. Stop fertilizing about a month before harvest. If fresh manure was applied in autumn, it should be spread over the area at the rate of 400 kg per hectare and then processed. An exception is the use of fresh manure when growing cucumbers. In this case, it is used in the spring, when flower beds are formed. This is due to the fact that a lot of heat is released during the decomposition of cow dung, that these vegetables need. Fresh manure should not be applied to freshly sown soil, as it can burn the root system. In addition, it contains weed seeds and pathogens. Decomposed manure should be used at doses an order of magnitude lower than fresh manure. Manure can be used for all plants. Manure application once every 3 years is considered sufficient. However, in the case of row crops that consume a lot of nutrients from the soil, it can be used more frequently. In the case of feeding fruit trees, it is applied under the root zone with irrigation. It can also be used to mulch between rows of strawberries or other undersized berries. it contains weed seeds and pathogens. Decomposed manure should be used at doses an order of magnitude lower than fresh manure. Manure can be used for all plants. Manure application once every 3 years is considered sufficient. However, in the case of row crops that consume a lot of nutrients from the soil, it can be used more frequently. In the case of feeding fruit trees, it is applied under the root zone with irrigation. It can also be used to mulch between rows of strawberries or other undersized berries. it contains weed seeds and pathogens. Decomposed manure should be used at doses an order of magnitude lower than fresh manure. Manure can be used for all plants. Manure application once every 3 years is considered sufficient. However, in the case of row crops that consume a lot of nutrients from the soil, it can be used more frequently. In the case of feeding fruit trees, it is applied under the root zone with irrigation. It can also be used to mulch between rows of strawberries or other undersized berries. In the case of feeding fruit trees, it is applied under the root zone with irrigation. It can also be used to mulch between rows of strawberries or other undersized berries. In the case of feeding fruit trees, it is applied under the root zone with irrigation. It can also be used to mulch between rows of strawberries or other undersized berries.

Mullein storage

In this process, it is necessary to prevent the formation of pathogens in the manure. To do this, follow these steps:

  • the formation of large piles, which will contribute to better preservation of fertilizers;
  • The best storage is cold storage, i.e. storage of manure in a compacted place with soil, peat or leaves, which should be covered with a layer of 30 cm;
  • Pour phosphorite between individual layers of fertilizer;
  • slurry is stored in closed containers.

A more efficient method is to spread the manure into the pits in layers, compacting each layer.

Everything is covered with straw or leaves. In this case, after 5 months we will get decomposed manure, in which there is a lot of nitrogen, and when stored without packaging, most of it evaporates.

In conclusion What is horse manure as a fertilizer? It is used to fertilize various crops as a source of organic matter. For some of them, it should not be consumed fresh, as it leads to various distortions of the fetus, and also contributes to the accumulation of excessive amounts of nitrates. It is better to use decomposed manure or humus.

Efficiency and norms

Doses are reduced, and the effectiveness of the action is increased. Hanging peas help improve soil structure and increase soil fertility. For fertilizer to be used effectively, it must be stored properly.

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