Recently, healthy eating has become very popular, so all summer residents are trying to grow as many healthy crops as possible on their site. Spinach is a herb that is rich in composition, easy to digest, does not cause allergies and is of great benefit to the body of children and adults. Spinach is unpretentious, but it must be properly looked after.
A little about the plant
Spinach is very popular in Europe and America, and every year it becomes more and more relevant for growing in beds in our regions. The culture grows very quickly, it is unpretentious, rarely exposed to disease, it has a very useful and rich composition. It has a lot of:
There are a wide variety of spinach varieties, but the most common is Stoick. Popularity is due to its fast maturation period. This will take only 2 to 2.5 weeks. There are also mid-season varieties, such as “Krepysh” and “Matador”. It will take about a month for them to mature.
Spinach is resistant to cold, it is allowed to sow it early, after the topsoil thaws a little. Seeds planted early will germinate well. If the soil is dry, seedlings may linger a little, since it is difficult for the sprouts to break through the shell of a dense layer. To speed up the emergence of seedlings, it is better to soak the seed for 2-3 hours in warm water, and the wells must be watered.
Spinach should be sown to a depth of at least 2 cm. If the soil is sandy, then you need to sow deeper, and in clay soil – shallower. The interval between the holes should be about 20-30 cm, depending on the spinach variety. It is necessary to make a distance of at least 5 cm between the seeds so that the sprouts rise to the sun and the bushes form dense. The first shoots can be expected after 10-14 days.
Somewhere 30 days after the appearance of the first sprouts, it is required to perform harvesting. In the summer, spinach grows very poorly because it turns into an “arrow” and the leaves become smaller.
Thanks to this feature, joint plantings of spinach with other crops are practiced. It is planted as a precursor for vegetables planted in June that prefer warmth. These can be tomatoes , zucchini , cucumbers and peppers . Joint beds are also recommended because spinach roots are able to release substances that favorably affect the root system of other crops.
In order for spinach to bestow high-quality greens, it needs to be provided with good soil and moisture. The best soil for spinach is considered to be loamy, and also soil with a lot of organic matter. Sandy soil is the least suitable for growing a crop, but it can be improved with the addition of fertilizers. But it should be remembered that directly in the year of planting spinach, organic matter cannot be introduced into the ground, since it contains many microorganisms that can be dangerous to plants and human health.
It is imperative to carry out abundant and irrigation of the soil as it dries out. This will allow you to get a good harvest. For spinach, optimal hydration is 1 time in 14 days. It is also recommended to mulch the beds to prevent moisture evaporation.
It is very important not to be late with weeding spinach, because the plant develops very quickly, and when the leaves are too large, it will not be possible to remove the weeds.
How to harvest
The collection of spinach bushes begins when they have 4-7 leaves. Usually this process is combined with thinning to increase the intervals between crops. A plant is considered mature only when it has 10-12 leaves.
When performing the final harvest, the rosettes should be cut under the first leaf. Thus, the plants will be less polluted, they will remain in the ground. The best time to harvest spinach is in the morning.
It is very important not to miss the moment when the spinach is ready to be harvested, because over time the leaves begin to coarsen and the beneficial substances decay. In addition, spinach can increase the amount of oxalic acid, and it is not very useful.
Are fertilizers needed?
The key to high-quality and tasty spinach greens is the periodic enrichment of the soil with nutrients. This can be done if you apply mineral and organic top dressing. Before sowing spinach, the soil must be enriched with urea. It fills the earth with nitrogen. This fertilizer has a white tint and is sold in the form of granules. Before using top dressing, the capsules must be dissolved in non-hot water. To enrich the soil with an area of 1 m², you will need about 15-25 g of this substance.
Urea is often used as foliar top dressing. To do this, it is dissolved in water (50 g is taken per 10 liters). The resulting solution is required to spray an area of \u200b\u200b100 m². In parallel with urea fertilizer, the addition of superphosphate or lime is prohibited.
Superphosphate is a phosphorus top dressing. It is produced in the form of powder or granules. To fertilize 1 m² of beds, about 50 g of such a substance is needed. Spinach plantings can be fertilized with dolomite flour. This is a type of magnesium fertilizer based on calcium and magnesium.
Resistance to pests and diseases
Spinach can be susceptible to fungal diseases such as root rot and downy mildew. You can understand that the culture is sick by the roots – they will be black. Rot begins to affect the entire rhizome, which will lead to the death of the plant.
When signs of rot appear on plants, the leaves must be smeared with colloidal sulfur, and then the cultures should be treated with mullein infusion.
Among the pests of the plant, the most common mining fly. She lays her eggs on plants, then larvae appear there, which bite into the leaves and lead to the drying of the culture. It will be possible to prevent the appearance of such a parasite by planting spinach as far as possible from the beds with beets. It is necessary to regularly inspect plantings, removing damaged leaves.
Sometimes spinach is attacked by aphids. To get rid of it, you should use a solution of laundry soap. For 10 liters of water, 300 g of the product is taken. The resulting preparation is used to spray the affected areas for 10-12 days.
Spinach is a crop that will bring great benefits to its owners, and can also decorate the beds. The main thing is to provide the plants with the right care.