Undoubtedly, the rose rightfully takes pride of place and is considered the queen of flowers. Its exquisite beauty and refined aroma has always attracted connoisseurs of beauty; poets sang about it in their poems. You rarely see a garden without a rose bush. Many flower growers propagate this beautiful flower with cuttings and layering. However, not everyone knows that a rose can be grown from seeds.
Seed material is purchased at a specialized store or collected independently from unripe roses . It is recommended to collect seeds at the moment when the petals are just beginning to turn a blush. In this case, the seeds will have a high percentage of germination. Seeds collected from mature roses have a very low germination rate.
Cut buds are cut and seeds are removed from the pulp. This must be done carefully so as not to damage them. The collected seeds are cleaned and soaked for twenty minutes in 3% hydrogen peroxide. This will protect the seeds from mold. Then the seeds are taken out and spread on a gauze napkin soaked in hydrogen peroxide, covered with the same napkin, put in a plastic bag and placed in a refrigerator in the vegetable compartment. Storage temperature +5 degrees.
Seeds should be checked weekly for mold. If such a problem occurs, the seeds must be re-treated with hydrogen peroxide. After processing, the seeds are placed in a new napkin and placed in a clean bag. After 45-60 days, the first shoots appear.
Germinated seeds are planted in separate pots with a sand-peat mixture, or peat tablets, and placed in a well-lit room with a temperature of 19-21 degrees. To avoid plant disease with a black leg, it is necessary to mulch the seedlings with a thin layer of perlite and organize additional lighting. Daylight hours should be at least 10 hours.
Watering is carried out moderately, as the topsoil dries. Excess moisture can lead to root rot.
Buying seeds on Chinese sites
Most Russian flower growers purchase flower seeds on a Chinese website. Such purchases have a number of advantages:
- Large selection of different varieties. On the site you can order flower seeds of the most unusual colors.
- Affordable price. In comparison with Russian sites, a large number of seeds can be purchased at a low cost.
- Convenience of purchase. The order is carried out via the Internet, which saves time. Delivery is free.
The disadvantages of this purchase can only be attributed to the fact that the seeds are not always of good quality, and the reviews are very contradictory. However, it should be noted that the cost of the purchased material is not high, therefore, it will not entail large losses.
Reviews of flower growers about the purchased seeds are quite different:
- some flower growers complain about poor germination, despite proper preparation for planting and its proper implementation;
- instead of roses rose tomatoes;
- The roses came up, but not the ones ordered.
- not a single sprout sprouted from the seeds sown.
However, there are flower growers who are satisfied with the purchase. Considering that the price of seeds is not high, and there are 100 seeds in a package. At minimal cost, you can get an impressive amount of seed.
Growing rose stock from seeds at home
Sowing seeds for seedlings at home is carried out from the end of March to the first days of April, in greenhouses – in late February – early March. In open ground, seeds are sown in early June or late August.
Since this variety of roses has a rod-shaped root, it is recommended to sow the seeds in separate containers so as not to damage it during transplantation. Peat pots are best suited for these purposes. The pot is filled with soil, moistened with a spray gun and the seed is buried in it by 10 mm. The containers are covered with polyethylene to create a greenhouse effect.
Pots are placed in a room with a temperature of + 19-21 degrees. Every day, polyethylene is briefly removed to ventilate the seedlings. The first shoots will appear in 14-16 days. If the seeds were nevertheless sown in a common container, they should be thinned out, leaving a distance of 4 cm between the shoots. Only well-developed seedlings should be left.
Before transplanting to a permanent place of growth, seedlings are cared for as follows:
- Watering is carried out regularly, but moderately. Too much moisture will cause root rot.
- Loosening the soil is performed after each watering to prevent stagnation of moisture in the soil and the formation of a crust on the soil surface that prevents the penetration of oxygen.
- Airing the room is carried out daily, but care should be taken that there are no drafts.
- Hardening is performed two weeks before transplanting seedlings to a flower bed. To do this, in good weather, the seedlings are taken out into the fresh air. Initially, the time spent on the street seedlings should not exceed two hours. Gradually increase the time. Before transplanting, leave containers with plants outside for the whole night.
Growing stem roses in open ground
To grow rose stock in open beds, you need to choose the right site. It should be well lit and protected from drafts. The site is prepared in advance by digging and fertilizing it. It is not advisable to plant a rose on sandy or clay soil.
In the prepared soil, planting holes are made with a depth of 20-30 mm. The interval between the holes is 50 cm. Two seeds are placed in each hole. Close up with a thin layer of soil, lightly compact and water moderately. The first shoots will appear 14 days after planting. When two true leaves appear on the seedlings, it is necessary to thin out, leaving the most developed seedling.
For young seedlings, the following care measures must be taken:
- Watering is carried out as the topsoil dries. Plants are watered moderately, trying not to fall on the leaves.
- Fertilizing plants is carried out for the first time after planting seeds. To do this, use universal fertilizers. The second top dressing is made in August.
- You need to tie up the plant when it grows up to 150 cm. As a support, wooden pegs are driven in next to the plant. For garters use soft ropes.
Features of growing climbing roses
The climbing rose is divided into the following groups:
According to the type of growth is divided into:
Climbing rose seeds are prepared for sowing by treatment with 3% hydrogen peroxide and a two-month stratification. After preparation, the seeds are planted in a pre-prepared area.
The area for growing roses should be sunny and well ventilated, but keep in mind that the bush should be in the shade for at least two hours a day. This will help avoid burning the leaves. Since the plant has long shoots, it is necessary to pre-install supports along which the branches will trail.
Peaty and loamy soil is the most suitable for the good growth of this type of roses. When digging the site, mineral and organic fertilizers are applied.
Sprouted seeds are planted in peat pots and mulched with a layer of perlite. This will help prevent the occurrence of blackleg. The pots are covered with polyethylene, creating greenhouse conditions. Polyethylene is removed daily to ventilate and moisten the soil. After two weeks, the first shoots will appear.
During this period, an important condition for the full development of seedlings is good lighting. It is necessary to organize additional lighting with fluorescent lamps. Daylight hours should be at least 10 hours.
Transplantation to a permanent place of growth is carried out at the end of April. The wells are spaced 50 cm apart. The same distance is maintained from buildings and fences. At the bottom of the hole put:
- humus – 1 bucket;
- lime – 1 kg;
- sand or clay – 1 bucket;
- superphosphate – 3 tablespoons.
When planting a seedling, the root neck is deepened. This will enable the seedling to take root well and overwinter before the onset of cold weather. After planting, the seedlings are well watered and mulched with straw around the soil.
Seedlings require the following care:
- Watering . It is carried out every ten days in the hole.
- Top dressing is applied every 15 days. The following mixture is used as top dressing:
- ash – 1 kg;
- mullein – 1 kg;
- superphosphate – 25 grams;
- water – 10 liters.
During the flowering period, fertilizers are not applied. For spraying stems and leaves, use a complex mineral fertilizer for indoor plants.
- Pruning is carried out from the second year of growth. In the spring, frozen shoots are cut off and healthy ones are shortened to the desired height. In summer, faded lashes are removed. This encourages new blooms.
- Preventive treatment for diseases and pests is carried out using copper sulfate – 200 grams of the substance per 10 liters of water.
- Preparing for the winter . In September, weak shoots are pruned. Healthy lashes are lowered to the ground, allowed to stretch and straighten. When the temperature drops to 5 degrees, the roots are spudded, the leaves are cut off, the stems are tied and wrapped with covering material.
Growing polyanthus roses
Seeds before planting must be properly prepared:
- Soak the seeds for 20 minutes in a 1% potassium permanganate solution.
- Wrap in a damp cloth and leave for 15 days at room temperature to swell. Keep the fabric moist.
After this time, the seeds are ready for sowing.
For sowing, use a shallow container with holes to remove excess moisture. The container is filled with light fertile soil, moistened and grooves are made 5-10 mm deep. The container is covered with polyethylene and left in a cool room. The first shoots will appear in 30-45 days.
The first transplant is carried out at the age of three weeks. Seedlings are planted in a medium-sized container, three pieces each. Place containers in a well-lit place, shading them from direct sunlight. Watering is carried out regularly as the topsoil dries.
To improve the growth and development of seedlings, top dressing is applied containing:
The first year of a rose’s life is placed on the balcony. Flowering will come a year after planting. Roses are planted in a permanent place of growth in the second year of life in May. In order for the rooting process to take place as quickly as possible, the soil must be well fertilized and moist.
With the right transplant, flowering will come in the summer.
Growing roses from seeds is a laborious and lengthy process, but with a positive result, you can enjoy the fruits of your labors for a long time.