Sowing work in the garden in August

sowing work in the garden in august Blog
Garden in August

Many vegetables complete their growth and fruiting long before the end of the growing season in the region, and gardeners often do not know how to properly maintain beds at the end of summer, what else can be sown in order to harvest before winter? The answer is optimistic: before winter, you can get a harvest and significantly increase soil fertility.

cabbage

After picking early cucumbers , radishes , potatoes , there is still enough time for the winter radish to grow, form excellent dill bushes, and you can get a lot of leafy parsley. At the end of summer, with a short daylight hours, radishes, lettuce, Chinese cabbage will grow well.

strawberries

After the heads of onions or garlic are harvested, garden strawberries take root well, young plants are planted in August, and they have time to take root, grow well and lay fruit buds for the spring harvest. And if you plant strawberries in the spring, then you won’t get a harvest this year, since all the energy of the plant will be spent on rooting and new growth.

After peas, cucumbers, Beijing cabbage, leaf parsley, coriander, dill and onions will grow well.

How to prepare ridges for re-sowing?

Preparatory work before re-sowing:

  1. It is important to carefully remove plant debris from the previous crop.
  2. Level the soil, if it is dry, then water it. After a few days, move on to the next step.
  3. Add humus or compost at the rate of 15-20 kg / 1 m².
  4. Apply mineral fertilizer with a full range of substances.
  5. Dig to a depth of 10-12 cm, mixing all the ingredients well with the ground.
  6. Outline the planting pattern or seeding furrows for the selected crop.

How to increase soil fertility and maintain a high aesthetic appearance of the site?

Phacelia

The answer to this question is in the intricate word ” green manure “. These are plants that are sown in beds specifically to be planted in the late autumn in the soil, which will be enriched with plant residues, nutrients and healed from pathogens. Phacelia, oil radish, white mustard, vetch, and peas are suitable as green manure crops.

Lupine

After summer potatoes, winter rye crops heal the soil well from wireworm, in addition, rye does not allow weeds to develop. A good green manure is Lupine. This is a plant of the legume family, nitrogen-fixing bacteria live symbiotically in its root system. After Lupine, it is advisable to plant strawberries in the beds. The soil will be rich in nutrients and favorable in composition.
The beds with young green manure plants are highly decorative, the whole area as a whole looks well-groomed, neat, immersed in greenery and looks much more attractive than empty beds, or overgrown with weeds. Planting green manure into the soil is advisable to carry out at a plant height of 10-12 cm.

What to plant on the beds after planting green manure?

In late autumn, 10-14 days after the green manure crops were deeply dug up, winter crops of onions and garlic with turnips and cloves can be planted in the ridges. If green manure was buried a little earlier, then dill or parsley can be sown on this bed for greens. However, in order for green crops to sprout and develop normally, it takes about 20 days. Greens are harvested in one step and harvested by freezing.

How to care for garden strawberries after harvest?

The common name for strawberries, in scientific language, among biologists and agronomists is garden strawberries . That is, these names are synonyms. Many housewives in our country are very fond of messing with strawberries, and men rarely do it. This is an interesting paradox. But in Italy, men are engaged in breeding strawberries professionally. And here’s what they advise: do not stop caring for plants after harvest. Plants during this period accumulate nutrients and energy for the future harvest. It is important to remove the whiskers on the plant, unless you are keeping them specifically for propagation. The fact is that if the mustache is not removed in a timely manner, the plant is rebuilt only for their formation, and the laying of fruit buds may even stop altogether. In addition to removing the mustache, strawberries need weeding, fertilizer and watering.

Strawberry leaves: cut or not?

strawberry leaves

After the last collection, it is imperative to remove old leaves. The sooner this is done, the better. In the old days, this was done with sickles, so the old term “mow” remained. Now the operation of removing old leaves on strawberries is most conveniently performed with a modern secateurs. Cutting and beveling in this case are synonyms.

Cutting old leaves is necessary to protect strawberry plants from the spread of pests and diseases that have settled on the bush. Therefore, the old foliage must be burned. The height of the cut leaves depends on the variety: you need to leave about half of the leaf petiole. Young, not fully opened leaves and growth points do not touch.

Caring for strawberries after cutting

The soil in the garden is loosened, weeded, at the same time fertilizer is applied and embedded in the soil to a depth of 3-4 cm. Fertilizer is necessary to provide the plant with the necessary energy to lay the future crop. Note that remontant varieties require a little more fertilizer than regular varieties. As a top dressing after cutting strawberries, complex fertilizers are suitable, for example, Agricola, Autumn, Rubin, Ryazanochka.

If you can see the protruding roots of strawberries, then you need to spud the bush a little, trying not to pile fertilizer on it. The next day after deep loosening, the bed with strawberries is watered abundantly.
Strawberry bushes with young leaves for the prevention of tick damage are treated with Fitoverm or Actellik preparations according to the instructions; from gray rot, they are treated with copper chloride. A good disinfectant is potassium permanganate, it is good to spray the growing bushes and the ground in the garden with a pink solution.

Preparing strawberries for wintering

mulching

Beds with well-leafed strawberry bushes should be mulched with sawdust or peat with a layer of about 5 cm. When night frosts occur, the beds are covered with spruce or pine branches from above, sprinkled with leaves, or cut raspberry bushes are laid on top.

How to put the beds in order after harvest?

After collecting early crops, the bed must be kept in perfect order. This will ensure the proper appearance, will not allow the soil profile to be populated with weed seeds, disease spores and overwintering stages of pests. Activities that should be carried out in the garden until late autumn:

  • Remove all plant debris.
  • Level the soil.
  • Water without drying out.
  • Sow green manure. If you leave the soil clean, under the “fallow”, then you need to regularly weed the weeds and remove them from the garden, preventing weed seeds from scattering.
  • Instead of “steam”, the soil can be covered with a dark film or covering material. This measure will reliably protect the soil from evaporation of moisture, infection by pathogens and the spread of weed seeds.
  • In autumn, before frosts, it is necessary to scatter manure, compost or humus on the garden bed.
  • Before the onset of frost, the soil in the garden must be dug up along with the organic fertilizer applied and with the obligatory turnover of the soil layer.

Is it worth digging up the beds after harvesting?

Shovel

It is necessary to dig the soil to the depth of a spade bayonet with a layer turnover once a year before the onset of frost. This measure is necessary, since winter frosts have a detrimental effect on the wintering stages of pests, weed seeds will be deeply embedded and will not be able to germinate next summer.

The soil after digging is enriched with oxygen, plant residues rot better, fertilizers applied are delivered to their destination. In the summer, after harvesting early vegetables, it makes no sense to do a deep digging of the beds again. It needs to be filled with organic and mineral fertilizers, mix it all well by shallow digging to the depth of planting the next crop.

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