Cucumbers … They are different … So different that your eyes run wide. And in the pictures with the seeds, they all seem the same or very similar. If you have your own summer cottage, then you probably have your favorite varieties of cucumbers, without which not a single season can do.
“German”, “Zozulya”, “Masha”, “Trilodzhi”, “Courage” – these are the garden classics of Moscow summer residents.
It seems that you should not pay much attention to long-fruited cucumbers. You can not salt them, marinate – too. They are suitable only for raw consumption and for early cultivation. In general, the vegetable is very peculiar, and therefore not all summer residents are ready to give him a place in the garden. Yes, and with the search for seeds, most likely, there will be problems.
What varieties of cucumbers should you choose and why?
As with any other culture, it is very important to make mixed plantings. That is, you cannot buy one variety and plant the entire intended area with them! So you risk being left without a crop. The fact is that different varieties of cucumbers perceive the soil differently, respond to watering, react to the sun and top dressing, have a different shape and appearance. In a word, there are so many features that, having bought 3-4 varieties for a site, you are guaranteed not to be left without a crop. It happens that in one year your favorite variety shows itself perfectly, and in another there is no harvest, and the novelty in the garden saves the situation.
Very often, sellers in the markets beat their chests with their fists and literally swear that the variety of cucumbers they offer will definitely not be bitter. In one of the articles we have already considered this issue. Of course, there is a certain predisposition for different varieties of cucumbers in bitterness, but with proper watering or growing in open ground, these chances are minimized. For example, cucumbers of the Madita variety are extremely rarely bitter, like many other varieties of cucumbers with small pimples on the surface.
Purpose of varieties
When choosing varieties of cucumbers, be sure to consider the purpose of the variety. Yes, this is also very important! For example, Zozulya cucumbers grow large, and therefore they are consumed either fresh or used to make salads for the winter. Cucumbers quickly outgrow, and therefore require constant care and attention. 2-3 days – and shoot the next portion, otherwise you risk filling your garden with unsuitable testicles for food. Their skin is thick, the seeds are large. But in terms of yield, this variety is perhaps one of the best.
It is not worth choosing separately varieties for greenhouses and open ground. There will be differences in any case, and they are not connected at all with the characteristics of the variety, but with the fact that the conditions differ greatly. The same variety in the garden and in the greenhouse will give significantly different results.
As a rule, summer residents plant cucumbers not for eating raw, but for pickling or pickling. So when choosing a variety, it is very important to choose the right varieties. It is believed that the best cucumbers for pickling are Vyaznikovsky, Nezhinsky, Murom and some others, no less popular. The question, in general, is very controversial. Someone loves when the seeds in the cucumber are palpable, while others appreciate the beautiful shape and ability of the cucumber to crunch.
Before choosing the best variety for seaming, we recommend making several separate plantings and harvesting cucumbers by variety – in separate jars. And do not forget to make notes on the lids. As they say, there are no comrades for the taste and color! Be sure to pay attention to the small tubercle cucumbers. For example, varieties Libela, Madita, Pirenta and others. When marinated, they turn out crispy, but at the same time very tender and tasty. However, there is one big drawback here! Handling them is a real pain. You need to collect only with gloves, and wash it too, otherwise all hands will be scratched by small prickly tubercles that are on the surface of each vegetable. By the way, small-tubercular varieties are often bitter, but are ideal for open ground.
Do you like small cucumbers and do you plan to pickle or pickle them in this form? Then you should choose the varieties “Spring”, “Paris Gherkin”, “Athena F1”. They are suitable for greenhouses, grow quickly and allow summer residents to enjoy fresh cucumbers from their own beds as early as June. There are actually many varieties, and excellent gherkins can be collected from any variety. The main goal here is to set yourself and collect cucumbers on time. If your dacha is located outside the city, and you don’t have the opportunity to go there 2-3 times a week, preference should be given to varieties that do not grow large. It can be different varieties of gherkins and small-tuberous varieties, which, in principle, do not grow 15-30 centimeters.
The harvest of cucumbers actually depends not only on the weather, conditions, watering and top dressing. Insects that pollinate flowering plants have a huge impact on yield. And it happens that there are no bees, it is raining or some other factors have affected their number, and then it will take a long time to wait for the harvest. In the old days, to attract bees, under the bushes of cucumbers they put a special grass with shaggy flowers, which the people called “seals” for their fluffiness. In fact, this is the most common plowed clover, you can see it in the picture. So, this plant is very fond of bees, and when you put it under cucumbers, more insects will flock.
But all this is difficult! There is a solution! Parthenocarpic cucumbers do not require the participation of insects and pollinate themselves. So even the absence of bees in this case will not be critical. However, remember that it is not necessary to plant the entire plot with just such cucumbers. Self-pollinated varieties are good, but in terms of yield they are quite often inferior to those that are pollinated by bees.
A very important factor when choosing cucumber seeds is their disease resistance. Powdery mildew, downy mildew and olive blotch are the most common. Of course, the best performance is given by those hybrids and varieties that are resistant to diseases and give a good harvest. The most popular of them is Libela. They show themselves well in the beds Competitor, Dean and Aquarius.